2017 June Meeting – Starting Out in Bonsai

At the June Meeting of the Bonsai Society of Victoria, Michael S.  demonstrated a great approach to developing seedlings into bonsai.  Members enjoyed a very interesting discussions about the process which Michael was able to demonstrate on a range of tree varieties.  Many helpful hints were provided throughout the discussion and a number of these are included below.

Michael talking about issues relevant to native species.
Michael talking about issues relevant to native species.

The essence of Michael’s approach is “balancing vigour”.  This applies to both foliage and roots and is generally achieved through leader replacement and wiring.  This approach also contributes significantly to developing taper.  See below for more comments on the process

  • This is a process for developing seedlings into foundation material for great bonsai.
  • Start the process when seedlings are well established but still flexible enough for wiring and bending.
  • The seedlings are removed from the pot, old leader cut back, new leader wired and shaped, roots trimmed to balance vigour and shortened and then repotted.  This process is repeated every year or two over many years as the trunk is progressively developed.
  • When trimming roots, preferably select those at a 45 degree angle to the main trunk line as this contributes to better nebari.
  • Wiring needs to achieve an elegant shape in three dimensions and be mindful of what you are trying to achieve in10 years or so.
Wiring a new leader.
Wiring a new leader.
Considering how the trunk may look in future.
Considering how the trunk may look in future.
  • If a trunk is too thick to wire, cut off, repot and try again.
  • Planting in the ground may assist growth in some species.  But, for junipers, experience suggests that planting in the ground rarely gives a better outcome that using a pot.  Also, junipers are a species known for naturally poor nebari.
  • If applying this process to conifers, the suggestion is to leave the previous leader in place as they often don’t bud again – eventually it will be removed.  Try to arrange branch placement to encourage vigour in the new leader and discourage growth in the old leader.
  • Feed your plants well and when using pots, it is best to repot after two years to achieve higher growth rates.  If in the ground, balance vigour after three years.
Victor thanking Michael.
Victor thanking Michael.

 

Members also had several trees on display and these are included below.  Apologies for the lack of focus in some photos but hopefully you can still appreciate the shape and colour.

Chinese Elm
Chinese Elm
Shimpaku Juniper
Shimpaku Juniper
Atlantic Cedar
Atlantic Cedar
Scotts Pine
Scotts Pine
Plum
Plum

2017 June Saturday Workshop & Triple Trunk Trident Masterclass

The June Workshop was held a week earlier than normal to avoid the public holiday in Victoria next week.  For interested Members, there was also a Masterclass conducted by Victor L. to show members how to grow a triple trunk Trident Maple.

Masterclass – While developing a triple trunk Trident maple will involve many years of growing, trimming and shaping, the starting point is straightforward.  See notes below.

  • Select seeds from a tree with the desired leaf shape and grow seedlings.
  • Use an aluminium plate with three holes to achieve the initial placement of the seedlings.  See photo below.
  • Wire the seedlings to keep the trunks apart and pot with about 3cms of soil above the aluminium plate.
  • Balance the seedling growth so each trunk has a different diameter.  During this period, also start to develop the styling of the trunks and branches.
  • A growth period in the ground may assist.
  • When roots growing above the plate fuse together, you cut off the roots below the plate and remove the plate.
  • Continue to style the “tree” as it grows and develops.
Plate for developing trident triple trunk
Plate for developing trident triple trunk
Initial Triple trunk wiring
Initial Triple trunk wiring

The following tree is an example of what can be achieved with this technique.

Trident Maple Three trunk
Trident Maple Three trunk

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